Overview of an Underground Drilling and Pipe Locator

When drilling holes in the earth for pipelines, oil or gas production, it is common to use underground drilling and blasting machines. This machine can be used to drill in sections or large holes depending on the application. The directional drilling can be done with the help of a pipe locator.

Before we come to the surface, we must understand the concepts behind the technology. Directional drilling involves the detection of obstacles that may block the path of the drilling machine. If the hole cannot be drilled through, the problem lies underground.

The most common use of the directional drilling and pipe locator is in trenching. In the case of trenching, the purpose is to dig the hole deeper or create a big hole to make way for an entrance to the pipe or a product line. In such cases, a trenching machine must be used. Using the directional drilling and pipe locator, the machine can mark out the lines.

The pit locator uses the hydrostatic pressure to generate sufficient ground pressure to mark out the trenches. The hydrostatic pressure will destroy the surface materials if not treated with a protective layer.

Trenching machines are also used similarly by the gold mining industry. These are mostly used by the mining companies to excavate the tunnels or pave the roads they create to extract the precious metals from the mines.

In the case of the trenching machines, there are different types of equipment used for the purpose. They are:

Trenching machine – This is a drilling machine that digs and buries the trenches without any human intervention. There are several types of this type of equipment that include a bucket, bucket truck, curved burlap, etc.

Directional drilling machine – It is a special kind of machine that is used in directional drilling. It has a hose and an electric drill and is plugged into a mains outlet. The purpose of this machine is to do the work without any disturbance to the environment.

Pipe Locator – It is also known as “pipeline locator”. The pipe locator can locate buried pipelines. The device is powered by rechargeable batteries or an onboard motor.

For most companies, the underground drilling and pipe locator are enough to perform the task. The trenching machines are used mainly for depth testing, which is used to test the features of a pipeline before it is used. The piping system requires several tests to ensure that it is compatible with the pipeline.

This equipment uses the above-ground GPS, radio, and the hydrostatic pressure to locate the pipelines underground. Some pipelines require constant maintenance as they move slowly through the ground.

Underground drilling and pipe locators are some of the equipment used in the oil and gas industry. They can help ensure that the pipelines are safe and suitable for use. Also, these devices can do the job of marking out the trenches for the people who wish to dig the holes.

Tree Lopping

Tree Lopping

When a tree is in danger of being toppled by the wind or by something else, a tree lopper will be called upon to take it down. Tree removal cairns is an ancient technique for removing trees. These can be found in virtually every country in Europe, but none were in Scandinavia until the beginning of the 20th century. The Cairn is a cross between a tomahawk and a clipper.

Cairns is not “real” cairns, however. They are not a stone structure with a series of interlocking stones set in mortar, nor are they simply a collection of sticks left standing around across. Cairns are actual mounds of stones erected in rows around a cross, with their middles pointing toward the direction of the wind.

Cairns was used as an indicator to indicate sacred places. For example, in early Christianity, the Catholic church had its mark, called a “Canary”, and it’s kind of protection. The Cairn was not just a symbol of any kind of pagan religion, it was a protective stone that served as a sign of protection.

Eventually, Christian churches used stone mounds as a way to prevent enemies from coming into the area. This means that the Catholic church was using the cairn marking their boundaries for many centuries before their use became widespread throughout Christianity. The Christians did not initially put these stones anywhere except on mountainsides. Over time, though, many churches used them as building materials, and most houses had one or more stones to mark their property lines.

Once the Cairn is erected, the process of its removal is usually called “cairn lopping”. In the US, however, the process is commonly referred to as “tree lopping.” The term “lopping” is misleading. It sounds like it would be performed with a saw when it’s just the removal of the topmost portion of the cairn. In a dense forest, the process of tree lopping is more difficult than if the tree was only an “approximate” mountain.

The task of removing the top portion of the tree is not easy, but there are techniques for doing so. Some countries, especially Scandinavia, will hire a professional cairn lover who is a member of the Timber Authority. Such a person has a special tool that can remove the top of a cairn. This tool is called a “cable bar.”

The Cedar trees in Scandinavia used to be marked with a long line of cairns, and it was difficult to get closer than a few feet. These people knew that someone could get too close to one of these “priests of the wind” without harming them. Today, however, we have such natural protection from the wind, and such access by human beings, that the cairn loppers simply cut the tops off of the trees. These people say that the effect is almost as good as if they had made the marking at the proper height.

The job of the cairn copper is not as easy as it may seem. It takes patience and knowledge to get these stones removed without damaging them. The tree lopper must be able to be within a couple of feet of the tree while it is being removed, since all kinds of weather conditions can affect a tree, from strong winds to too little rain.

The first thing a cairn lopper will do when he arrives at the site of the cairn marking is made certain that no one will be hurt. The lopper will often bring with him a crew that will chop away the side of the cairn first and then move on to the top. The reason for this is obvious. It is much easier to make sure that no one gets hurt from the top portion of the cairn, and then go on to the end. where the upper portions have been removed.

Safe Tree Removal Companies

Many homeowners are looking for the most effective and efficient safe tree removal services in the Gold Coast. They can be difficult to locate, especially if you don’t have a background in the area. There are a few good options for you to take into consideration when looking for safe tree removal services in the Gold Coast.

A Safe Tree Removal is sometimes referred to as a tree-removal company. The term refers to a company that specializes in efficient, safe tree removal for a variety of reasons. A tree removal company is great for large commercial and residential properties because there is no need to lug lumber or large pieces of machinery from a remote location.

A company specializing in safe tree removal services will also be able to transport the piece of furniture safely away from your property. It is no secret that many trees are in need of removal due to damage that they are receiving. After the tree is removed, a safe tree removal company will pick up the pieces of wood and carry them away.

However, there are some things that you should know before getting a good service. You want to make sure that the company you hire is reputable, so it will be beneficial for you to do some research. By being aware of who is reputable, you will know what to expect before you hire someone.

One way to tell if a company is reputable by examining their licenses. To determine this, ask to see their business license. As a general rule, the better the company does, the higher the licensing fee they will charge. It is wise to avoid the poor quality providers of services like tree-removal services, because they may be setting themselves up for failure.

As a homeowner, you need to have a valuable piece of furniture to use in your home. When you own this piece of furniture, you need to make sure that it is protected as well. If it is not protected, a tree service that handles the safe removal of the pieces can help you with that as well.

The most important piece of furniture is the piece of furniture that you sit on at all times. You never know when a tree branch is going to come in contact with your chair and cause you some sort of harm. With a safe tree removal company, you can rest assured that they have the right tools and equipment to ensure that the tree is safe, and clean up after tree removal.

When you buy a solid piece of furniture, you want to be sure that it is going to last. Trees can take quite a beating when they are hit by branches. A safe tree removal company can help you restore your furniture after a tree has been removed.

You may not think that a tree service is needed to perform safe tree removal, but that is the case. While you can take a piece of furniture to a retailer, the retailer will be unable to assess the integrity of the wood. A company will be able to assess the damage to the furniture and provide you with estimates for safe tree removal services.

Take the time to look around online and visit websites that are dedicated to providing safe tree removal services. There are services available for many different kinds of trees, including fruit trees, trees that can grow back and trees that do not grow back. A safe tree removal company can assess these types of trees and also provide different estimates for safe tree removal services.

These companies are a valuable resource when you are seeking safe tree removal services. They will use the latest equipment and techniques to make sure that the tree is removed safely. The professional tree service professionals will put you in contact with experts in order to understand how to proceed with safe tree removal services.

It is important that you understand what is involved in safe tree removal services. The right company will provide the kind of services that will ensure that the tree is removed and is restored to its original condition. that is as safe as possible.


ICPAN Nursery and The Espalier Tree and Trellis Company, had an overwhelming response to their retail site at this year’s “Melbourne and International Flower and Garden Show”, held at the Exhibition Building in Melbourne. Custom designed frames displayed plants to their full potential.

With the shrinking size of today’s urban garden space, exhibition visitors showed great interest in how our plants are being used to transform backyards into “Garden Rooms”. We demonstrated how plant frames can be used in everyday garden situations, as partitions and as featured productive displays on walls and fenced areas. These applications create not only a beautiful display, but also a wonderful private screening.

This was our first exhibition of custom-designed and purpose built frames to complement our espaliered plants. Frame designs were provided by business partner, Mr. Rex Swindle-Hurst of The Espalier Tree and Trellis Company. 

Garden Development

We specialise in the management and development of fine gardens in the Mornington Peninsula area, managing gardens and commercial plantations to the highest standards.

Our projects include the management of olive groves, apple orchards etc, as well as maintaining large manicured private estates for some of the finest properties on the Mornington Peninsula.

We have past experience in presenting properties for the Australian Open Garden Scheme, as well as properties for large scale private functions.

• “Spring Gully”, Gardening Consultant

• “Paringa Hill”, Head Gardener, Property Manager

• “Croft”, Head Gardener, Horticultural Supervisor

• “Kilinor”, Property Manager

• “Whitecliffs”, Garden Development and Managed (Paul Bangay designed)

Phone Mike on 0419 528 434 for a consultation.
Our professional team are highly skilled to manicure or further develop your property.

Espaliers are fantastic space savers and therefore ideal for small gardens or for defining particular spaces. They can be a wonderful garden feature, just as much as they are a productive plant, in fact, a plant that has been espaliered produces fruit more abundantly than a free form bush.

Product Range and Pricing

Our plants are grown in two main sizes: 400mm pot with 1.2mm timber frame. $250.00 unpainted – $270.00 painted.
500mm pot with 1.5mm timber frame. $300.00 unpainted – $350.00 painted.

Plant Care

Feeding: Plants kept in containers will require some seasonal feeding. This is mainly during Spring and Autumn. We recommend using a mix of Blood and Bone, Lucerne hay and chook manure to fertilise. Using a different fertiser every so often, like a liquid based citrus food will guard against nutrient deficiencies.Two applications through the growing season will keep your plant healthy and in good fruit.

Watering: Espalier plants are the easiest plants to care for. They will require plenty of water while maturing, and during fruiting. The best way to ensure your plant receives enough water, is to place a saucer under the pot. Water the plant until the saucer is full, letting the plant take up the water from the saucer and not watering again until the soil looks grey or dry on top.


Concrete flooring is one of the elegant and simple types of floors. It is protected from conditions that lead to deteriorations because it is not exposed to the outdoors. This does not mean that you don’t have to steal your floor because it is one of the ways that you can give it some shape. Therefore there are various coatings that you can use which include cementitious compounds, urethane coatings, resin coatings, and polyaspartic coatings. Additionally, terrazzo can also be used.

I know you might be wondering why will you require to seal your floor right? Concrete grinding and polishing advised that the sealants have various purposes and the most important one is for protection against damage, stains, and scratches. It will also make cleaning stains and spills easier. That is why you should not compromise with sealing your concrete floor.


Does the concrete floor needs to be polished?

The concrete floor should also be polished because polishing creates lustrous and hards surface. It also offers extra protection which prevents scratches and stain on the floor.

How much does it cost to polish concrete floor?

The pricing may differ among the contractors but the average cost of a polished concrete floor is 2000 dollars per 200 square foot room. The cost of concrete is between 3- 6 dollars per foot depending on the floor where it should be installed.

What is the difference between honed and polished concrete?

Honed concrete offers matte appearance or a slight clarity reflection with high, medium or low. On the other hand, polished concrete offers glass-like reflection like that of a mirror. The appearance of these two types of concrete is attributed to the type of sealer which is used. Currently, the best sealer on the market is acrylic or epoxy because of its durability and Elegance.

Do you need to seal the concrete after grinding?

Grinding creates a smooth surface that gives a decorative appearance. Therefore there are two options in which you can finish concrete after grinding. These include polishing and grinding. The sealing process involves using a coating such as acrylic and epoxy. This is to protect it from spills and stains depending on the type of sealant that is used. On the other hand, polishing creates a glamorous surface and it also offers extra protection against stains and scratches.

How do you Polish and seal the concrete?

Polishing the concrete is very simple. You need to clean the surface, smoothen it with a grinder, use a buffer and seal the surface.

Crown For Diana’s Bloom

THE Autumn teasers are out? word has just reached me about the new seedling releases, together with the announcement of ‘Flower of the Year 2000’.

Flower of the Year is selected annually by Bedding Plants Australia as its choice to be distributed nationally ? This year’s winner is Your Highness* Sweet Pea.

Cutting through its given title and facts such as, the mix of colours contains ‘Spencer’ type flowers from the garden of Althorp Park, Princess Diana’s resting place and promotional material claiming it’s been awarded the ‘crown’ for the year 2000 and you’ll find `Your Highness’ to be a highly perfumed mix of a beautiful range of colours.

Now to relevant information? this lovely mix of sweet peas has a large range of colours and patterns, picotees and even marbled effects.

‘Your Highness’ is a very tall growing sweet pea which can reach even higher than 2m if planted early in the season ? colour variations are white, pinks, blues, reds and violets.

Ideal for cutting, Flower of the Year will flower from September through December. It should be planted in full sun from February to April.

Also being released by BPA for autumn planting is Crackle* Snapdragon. The name is better than a thousand words ? these vibrant new snappies are designed to bring colour and warmth into dreary winter gardens. It is a compact (25cm) fiery mix of bright red and yellow bi-colours which can be brown in window boxes, in pots or as a colourful border.

‘Crackle’ needs the sun, but will require a little shade in hot areas and will flower from May to October. Cutting off spent blooms will encourage further flowering ? this snappie shouldn’t be allowed to dry out and regular applications of a soluble fertiliser will maintain flowering.

The release of Torch* Pansy for autumn planting is a wonderful stimulus for those gardeners who’d like to represent their garden on the `Olympic’ stage. I think the idea has merit ? `Torch’ has been selected to reflect Australia’s sporting colours, green and gold. It would look fabulous if gardeners throughout the country planted Torch* Pansy en mass to welcome overseas visitors. Besides which, it’s a damned good pansy ? the plants are very hardy, long flowering from March-October, with large flowers growing to 8cm in diameter.

Here’s something totally new ? Pixi Pansettas! These highly perfumed annuals are halfway between pansies and violas. They will be available in a very colourful mixture which will flower through autumn, winter and spring.

Newport Nurseries have also released Tiny Tots Violettas? this new series feature two shades ? Oranges and Lemons or Fruit Salad. The colour Oranges and Lemons is self explanatory, while Fruit Salad is a chic blend of mauve and vanilla spiced up with a very bright orange.

Following on the amazing success of geraniums in a punnet is the release of Cascade Ivy Geraniums in Newport’s three cell punnets. Available in cherry red, rose and white, `Cascades’ will be ideal for Mediterranean style gardens.

Now, for serious spring gardeners, a new rich blend of cineraria has been released for autumn planting. Cineraria Monaco, a hybrid will perform better than the old varieties with more flowers on compact plants. They will provide a longer flowering display in semi-shaded positions with rich shades of blue and red.

Diana, Princess Of Wales

When you finish planting out your beautiful autumn gardens you might still have time to visit Australia’s premier gardening event ? the Melbourne International Flower & Garden Show. This year the Show is being held April 12 to 16, 2000, and will coincide with school holidays.

Now, whether or not serious gardeners will think the school holiday idea is clever planning, that’s when it’s on. Held at the magnificent Royal Exhibition Building and surrounding Carlton Gardens it is certainly a special event designed to inspire, stimulate and educate gardeners and garden lovers.

I wish I was going to see garden designer Rick Eckersley use mass plantings of violet impatiens, purple and blue salvia, midnight blue lobelia, purple bonnet alyssum and ‘Midnight Dreams’ petunias to create a striking contrast to the autumn tonings of the trees and the stark white of the Royal Exhibition Building.

This year more than 250 exhibits will be showcased representing horticulture nursery products, landscape gardening and design, floristry and cut flowers at their very best.

If your children are accompanying you they are well catered for in the children’s play area designed to accommodate kids aged 7 years and upwards in a garden designed to encourage play. For the tots, a free Children’s Creche will cater for 3 to 6 year olds.

Nursery Bedding

Buy Bedding

Sydney gets a dose of Dutch style this month with the launch of Room Seven, a heart-poundingly pretty collection of ultra-femme bedding designed and produced in the Netherlands. Made in perky floral cotton and velvet prints, it’s not cheap, but you will find a little goes a long way. There are handy toy bags that you can tie to the end of a bed, duvet covers, eiderdowns, knitted blankets, frilly edged cushions, square floor pillows (pictured, $190), lampshades, nighties, pyjamas and the most adorable little kimino bathrobes.


Open Mon-Fri 10am-5pm, Sat 10am-4pm, Sun 10am-2pm.

Prices From $45 for cushion covers to $850 for padded patchwork quilts.

Where Sista Life, Shop 10, Library Walk, 601-611 Military Road, Mosman.

Inquiries 9969 8922.

Look China

The Bay Tree has launched British designer William Yeoward’s beautiful bone china collection in Australia. And it’s one of those things in life that is definitely worth splurging on. Choose from lovely, straight-sided teacups, rimmed bowls and plates of all kinds. The colours – hot pinks, powder blues, knocked-back limes – and detailing are out of this world. Make sure you also see Yeoward’s colourful cocktail range of tumblers and glasses in rose, amber, blue, red and pale green.

Open Mon-Fri 10am-5.30pm, Sat 9.30am-3pm.

Prices From $225 for a 21cm side plate to $685 for a huge oval plate.

Where 40 Holdsworth Street, Woollahra.

Inquiries 9328 1101.

Bargain Oils

The Natural Paint Shop is offering 10 per cent off its great range of natural plant-based Livos, Bio and Organ Oil floor oils and varnishes, which are free from dangerous metals and solvents. And you won’t choke on fumes as you apply these green products. More than that, small thoughtful acts raise awareness that everything we do has an effect on the planet. Until June 30.

Open Mon-Fri 9am-5.30pm, Sat 10am-4pm, Sun 11am-3pm.

Prices From $21 for a 250ml bottle of Livos floor oil to $362 for a 10-litre drum of the same stuff.

Where 583a King Street, Newtown.

Inquiries 9519 0433.

Bed linen Nursery


In a Sydney first, Lucienne Linens has launched an heirloom collection of monogrammed baby sheeting. Made using pure Egyptian cotton, there are fitted and flat sheets, and pillowslips with hemstitch trim and embroidery details (think monograms, rosebuds, French bows, polka dots and trellises). Also, lovely woollen blankets in white or ivory

(for bassinets, prams and cots) and pure pashmina blankets in pink, ivory and pale blue with a short fringe edging (that’s fun for pudgy fingers to tug, but won’t choke your darling bundle of joy). It’s all so beautiful, you’ll be left breathless. Look also at the bewitching Blanc d’Ivoire eiderdowns in ecru, acqua and pale apple with pompom fringes

for all ages.

Open Mon-Sat 10am-5pm.

Prices From $28 for a 30 x 40cm pillowslip to $245 for a cot valance with embroidered rosebuds.

Where 539 Military Road, Mosman.

Inquiries 9969 4946.

Sale Home


Hop along to Designers Guild tomorrow for its big four-day sale, where you will find up to 70 per cent off a dazzling array of super-chic soft home furnishings and furniture. There are cushions, bed linen, rugs, towelling, sofas, beds, little tables, armchairs, lighting and children’s bedroom accessories. Also, there are good fabric remnants that are perfect for whizzing up blinds, banquette seating, stools, dining chairs and pretty much any upholstered piece. The real highlight is the variety of duvet covers in queen size, $54 (were $179). Until Monday.

Open Friday and Monday 10am-5.30pm, Saturday 10am-5pm, Sunday 10am-4pm.

Prices From 50 cents for a bundle of fabric to $6500 for a massive modular five-seater sofa.

Where 79 Frenchmans Road, Randwick.

Inquiries 9326 5111.

Look Breakfast

OK, this little nugget of a breakfast tray may not be the most beautiful design in town, but it’s about as cheap and practical as you can get.

It does its job well with no annoying fold-out legs to break or seams for stray food to get stuck in. You can dress it up with an oversized, crisp linen placemat, a pink china teapot and some pretty porcelain teacups and saucers.

Price $10.

Where Howards Storage World stores statewide.

Inquiries 9984 1100.

Shop Furniture

Here’s a blast from the past. Guy Matthews (he pioneered the revival of industrial chic in the 1980s) has been quietly selling his idiosyncratic look from a big shop at Drummoyne for the past four years. The Victoria Road address was chosen mostly for its position (“it’s the busiest road in Sydney”) and its huge floor space. You will find his fabulous custom-made range of hoop-pine furniture – tables, stools, bookshelves, TV cabinets and kitchen chairs – and a good line-up of one-offs: Chinese fretwork building panels, $195 each, French-look armoires, 1930s Louis armchairs with original paintwork, $295 each, pewter teapots, blue-and-white porcelain, paintings and great kitchen storage jars with lids. Matthews sources much of his stock from bi-monthly visits to the lesser-known provinces in China, which he raids for European furniture from the prewar period.

Open Mon-Fri 10am-5pm, Sat-Sun


Prices From $19 for a little timber stool to $5200 for a bespoke Georgian-style bookcase.

Where Asset Furniture, 182 Victoria Road, Drummoyne.

Inquiries 9181 2322.

Hardware Lights

If expensive European light switches are out of your reach, but you’re not prepared to settle for cheap offerings, then HPM’s super-efficient Como “wall furniture” may be the answer. Launched this month, there’s an extensive array of off-the-peg and custom-ordered accessories with slim good looks – switches, dimmers, press buttons, time delays, power points, TV and data outlets – that you can use to replace regular fittings. Unlike conventional options, you won’t be stuck with dreary, run-of-the-mill styles as Como comes with lots of gorgeous modular facings and surrounds in white, putty, charcoal, stainless steel, polished silver and solid brass.

Prices From $15 for a single light switch.

Where Major hardware outlets.

Tiptoe Through Instant Tulips

LAST week I was able to make a quick trip to Canberra to look at Floriade- the bulb festival which is held in Commonwealth Park in the centre of Canberra each spring.

Tulips are the dominant feature of the floral display, and the planting style of Floriade is strongly “park bedding” with geometric beds mass-planted with one colour. The effect is quite dramatic, especially when you look down on the beds from vantage points above.

The bulbs are bought each year from Victoria and this year were planted in raised beds formed by dumping about 30 centimetres of topsoil over what is normally lawn area. When Floriade is finished the whole lot disappears almost overnight.

It’s a big effort to produce this spring show, which attracts a lot of visitors to Canberra while it’s on. However, Canberra has lots of charms of its own to attract visitors, so just because the flash in the pan of Floriade is over don’t think that’s it for the year. The trees in Canberra are its glory and they are there all year, looking marvellous at present in fresh new spring leaf.

We visited the sculpture garden at the National Art Gallery after looking at Floriade, where there were hundreds of visitors looking at the tulips. At the sculpture garden we were the only visitors and it was looking wonderful. It is at the back of the gallery, on the lake, with native plantings providing a subtle background for the statues.

There are groves of wattle, some in bloom, some like acacia iteaphylla, already in decorative seed. Elegant groups of she-oaks and gum trees add great atmosphere and there are clumps of flowering native shrubs and grasses to soften the effect. No tulips anywhere, but well worth a visit. The statues are marvellous. I love the enigmatic fat lady who floats on the water of a shallow pool.

Just driving around Canberra’s streets with fence-free suburban gardens is a pleasure for the tourist. And you do spend a lot of time driving around the streets – with all those curving roads, it is very easy to get lost.

The all-native Botanic Gardens are at their peak during the spring months with lots of colour and perfume.

Canberra is a great town for nurseries – visit some of the ones at Pialligo(the main nursery area out in the direction of the airport). For the next month the old-fashioned roses will be blooming. Some nurseries have been landscaped with old roses and are well worth a visit if you are interested in the roses of the past.

If you are driving from Sydney, the countryside is unbelievably green at present (like being in Ireland without the aggravation), the hills are blue, and that come-and-go lake, Lake George, has definitely come again and is brimming with more water than it has held for many years. It’s all as picturesque as you can get for a four-hour drive without needing a visa.

Some of the plantings around Canberra look very Edna Walling, particularly the groves of crab-apple planted in the lawns at University House. I think they must use the Edna method of tree planting there. She was famous for her method of planting groups of trees, which involved standing on a likely spot and hurling a bucket of potatoes. The trees were planted where the potatoes fell, to achieve the random grouping of trees that spring up naturally from seed.

If you have room to plant a group of trees or shrubs I can recommend this method – it’s simple, fun, and it works.

For admirers of Edna Walling, there is some good news – a new book, Edna Walling’s Year (published by Anne O’Donovan $19.95).

It is an attractive book which combines Edna Walling’s photographs and writing (some previously unpublished) with pen and ink drawings by Jennifer Wilkinson, who is the author and illustrator of an attractive reference book, Herbs and Flowers of the Cottage Garden.

Edna Walling also features in a handsome new coffee-table book – Private Gardens of Australia by Sarah Guest, photographs by Jerry Harpur (published by Lothian, $50.)

Among the Walling gardens featured are Marwarra at Olinda in the Dandenong Ranges, a mountain garden on a steep site with lots of trees and stone steps leading from one level to the next; a country garden, Markdale at Binda NSW, which features her trademark stone walling; and a lake and large suburban garden at Benalla, Victoria. All retain their Walling design and have matured into gardens full of atmosphere – a credit to her skill.

A great variety of gardens has been chosen to feature in the book, from tropical far-north Queensland to cool Tasmania and across to West Australia, providing plenty of variety in planting material and design.

Some outstanding gardens are included, like the Valder family garden, Nooroo at Mt Wilson; Nindooinbah House at Beaudesert in Queensland, garden of artist Patrick Hockey and his wife; and Bolobek, Sir Robert and Lady Law-Smith’s garden triumph at Macedon, Victoria.

This is a thoroughly enjoyable book, though I felt a shade of disappointment that there weren’t more colour pictures. However, there are 98, so perhaps I am just greedy. The descriptions and history of the gardens is lively and informative and the pictures are inspirational, including the cherry walk at Bolobek.

I wonder how many gardeners have gone home after visiting Bolobek and tried to reproduce the pathway lined with flowering cherries framing a perfect vista. A statue of a girl with softly flowing clothes leans pensively from a pedestal set in a brick paved circle edged with a clipped box hedge. A huge rhododendron Pink Pearl provides the background of dark foliage lit by the luminous blooms. One of the prettiest garden scenes I have seen anywhere.

The Law-Smiths are leaving Bolobek soon, and I hope the new owners have a sympathetic understanding of this lovely garden.

This book is a must for anyone interested in the best private gardens in Australia, and a great gift for garden history buffs.

Garden Day: The Australian Garden History Society is visiting Rouse Hill House, near Windsor, on Saturday, November 3. Extensive conservation work by the Historic Houses Trust of NSW has restored both house and garden to their former glory. Tickets available for members and non-members $25. Bookings phone 953 1916.


  1. As a general rule “slow release” fertilisers are safer for plants in containers.
  2. Plant summer annuals now, such as petunia, portulaca, sunflower and zinnia.
  3. Mulch pots on balconies to prevent drying out.
  4. Repot variegated begonias, keep them well-watered and in the shade for good results.
  5. Consider planting a tree in your nature strip. First contact your local council for advice.

Nursery Makes Paying More Fun

ICPAN Nursery and The Espalier Tree and Trellis Company, had an overwhelming response to their retail site at this year’s “Melbourne and International Flower and Garden Show”, held at the Exhibition Building in Melbourne. Custom designed frames displayed plants to their full potential.

With the shrinking size of today’s urban garden space, exhibition visitors showed great interest in how our plants are being used to transform backyards into “Garden Rooms”. We demonstrated how plant frames can be used in everyday garden situations, as partitions and as featured productive displays on walls and fenced areas. These applications create not only a beautiful display, but also a wonderful private screening.

This was our first exhibition of custom-designed and purpose built frames to complement our espaliered plants. Frame designs were provided by business partner, Mr. Rex Swindle-Hurst of The Espalier Tree and Trellis Company. 


Plant Care

Watering: Espalier plants are the easiest plants to care for. They will require plenty of water while maturing, and during fruiting. The best way to ensure your plant receives enough water, is to place a saucer under the pot. Water the plant until the saucer is full, letting the plant take up the water from the saucer and not watering again until the soil looks grey or dry on top.

Feeding: Plants kept in containers will require some seasonal feeding. This is mainly during Spring and Autumn. We recommend using a mix of Blood and Bone, Lucerne hay and chook manure to fertilise. Using a different fertiser every so often, like a liquid based citrus food will guard against nutrient deficiencies.Two applications through the growing season will keep your plant healthy and in good fruit.

Training: Espaliers require some lateral training to keep their shape. Extra clips are provided with your plant. As your plant continues to grow, it is a simple matter of bending the growth back in the desired direction and clipping it onto the frame. This will reduce the sap flow in the lateral growth and encourages the lateral growth to produce smaller fruiting laterals along the bent stem, (Lemons and Limes) and at the end of the bent stems for oranges. You will see by doing this we are also encouraging the fruit to grow. So the action of keeping the plant trained to the frame at the same time encourages it to fruit.